• Buying Property in Vietnam as a Foreigner: The Ultimate Guide

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    Vietnam opened up to foreign investors as late as 2015. Since then, the country has welcomed everything from corporations, property buyers, and stock investors, eager to capitalize on this exploding market.

    Personally, I believe that Vietnam is one of the most interesting places for real estate investments in Asia at the moment.

    Rental yields are among the highest, at the same time, you can pay as little as USD 1,500 per square meter for new condos in upcoming areas around Ho Chi Minh City.

    Still, you must get your feet wet before you buy and learn how it works practically when buying real estate as a foreigner in Vietnam.

    In this article, I share a lot of valuable information covering foreign ownership regulations, property taxes, the buying process, how you can get a mortgage, and more.

    Can foreigners buy property in Vietnam?

    Few foreigners have managed to invest in Vietnam real estate in the past. We can mainly blame unfavorable and strict foreign ownership regulations.

    However, in July 2015, the Vietnamese Government introduced the Vietnamese Law on Residential Housing (LRH), which made it remarkably easier for foreigners to buy property.

    Technically, you can buy as many units as you want, as foreigners currently don’t have any restrictions on the amount of properties they can buy.

    Previously, the cap was set to a maximum one unit in a condominium. Thus, there’s been a drastic change in the regulations of foreign ownership.

    Vietnam’s new law to foreign ownership of property

    Below, I’ve summarized the most important information to take note of the new law:

    • Foreigners can buy properties by simply possessing a tourist visa
    • There’s no cap to the amount of properties you can buy
    • Foreigners are restricted to buying a maximum of 30% of the units in condominiums and cannot own more than 10% of the properties in a landed project
    • Foreigners can now buy houses, but only 250 of the houses in a given ward (division). To read more about the districts and wards in Saigon, I recommend you to check this wiki-page
    • The leasehold period is still 50 years but can be renewed
    • If you have a Vietnamese spouse, you can get a freehold tenure

    buy-property-vietnam

    Can foreigners buy land in Vietnam?

    Foreigners cannot buy and own land, like in many other Southeast Asian countries. Instead, the land is collectively owned by all Vietnamese people, but governed by the state.

    As written in the national Land Law, foreigners and foreign organizations are allowed to lease land. The leasehold period is up to 50 years, but in some cases up to 70 years.

    At the time I’m writing this article, the Government is considering to extend the leasehold period from 50 years to 99 years, which is positive of course.

    Even if the regulations are getting less strict, and will probably loosen up over the years, you need to be careful. There’s no guarantee that you’ll be able to renew your leasehold period for example.

    Vietnam’s Land Use Rights (LUR)

    Thankfully, Vietnam has a law on land called Land Use Rights (LUR) that reduces the risks for foreigners to invest in Vietnam.

    Even if you’re not allowed to own land, you have the right to use land – as stipulated in the LUR. It also gives you the right to control the land leased or allocated by the Vietnamese state.

    Keep in mind that you need to submit a Land Use Rights Certificate (LURC) to the Vietnamese Government before you’re able to lease the land.

    Can foreigners buy property from Vietnamese people?

    Foreigners often buy property directly from developers on the primary market, or from foreigners that previously bought property on the primary market.

    There are restrictions on the secondary market as you can’t buy property from local citizens in case the foreign quota is already filled (30%).

    vung-tau

    Vietnam ownership certificates of property

    When you purchase a property from a developer, it’s important that you receive an ownership certificate. In 2017, foreigners had issues getting their property ownership certificates, this understandably caused some frustration.

    So why did this happen?

    According to law, foreigners cannot own properties in areas that are reserved to protect the national defense and security.

    And it’s up to the Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Public Security to decide whether a property is located in an area that is reserved to protect the national and security.

    I cannot stress the importance that you make sure that your prospective property can be owned by you as a foreigner, and confirm, before the purchase, that you will be able to receive the ownership certificate.

    The pink book

    The ownership certificate is often referred to as the pink book. The name comes from the small pink book that you should receive after you purchased a property.

    The book proves your ownership and your rights of the property. It will give you the right to lease your property and declare information regarding inheritance, for example.

    Shortly speaking, pink books are used for the title to verify the ownership of properties.

    The red book

    There’s also a red book that’s been used for a longer time than the pink book. The red book is used for the title to ownership of land, instead of physical structures, like houses and condos.

    Thus, the pink book is more common for foreigners that normally invest in properties like condos, which are less regulated.

    Do I need to receive the pink book when buying property in Vietnam?

    Shortly speaking, the pink book is used for the title to ownership of property. Even if an SPA (Sales and Purchase Agreement) can be used to prove that you bought the property, the strongest evidence of ownership is to have both of them.

    Remember:
    • The pink book is considered the strongest proof of ownership, though it’s not a legal requirement to have one
    • The SPA (Sales and Purchase Agreement) is equally, if not more, important
    • You can face more difficulties to sell your property without having the pink book

    What does the pink book include?

    The pink book declares that you can:

    • Use your house for residential and other purposes
    • Demolish, maintain, renovate or rebuild your house, if complying with the conditions and procedures of laws on construction
    • Do transactions when selling, mortgaging or leasing the property

    Process when buying property in Vietnam

    Before you decide to invest in Vietnam, you need to understand the buying process. You don’t want any surprises or unknown fees to come up later in the process.

    Below, I have made a list of important items you need to consider during the buying process.

    1. Paying for a property in Vietnam

    vietnamese-dong

    This is the initial step of the process, and an important one. Do you plan to pay with cash assets, housing loan or a combination of both?

    In Vietnam, it’s common that locals pay (parts of the property price) with real gold, due to the volatility in VND (Vietnamese Dong). We can still see this in the secondary market, but a market you won’t engage in.

    Nowadays, transactions are normally made in VND (USD can’t be used when buying property in Vietnam).

    2. Why do you plan to buy?

    You also need to ask yourself why you want to invest in Vietnam.

    If you look for high appreciations, developing areas in Ho Chi Minh City can be a good choice, as it’s currently attracting a lot of foreign companies, expats and wealthy locals.

    If you look for a beachside resort, Da Nang or Nha Trang could be better choices. Da Nang has experienced great increases in housing prices recently and gets heavily developed.

    Later in this article, I will explain more about interesting places for property investments. You can also read my separate articles that list new upcoming property projects for sale in Ho Chi Minh City, and other cities.

    Buying one or several properties

    If you seek high rental yields, you might be better off buying a multiple amount of units, especially in places like Ho Chi Minh City.

    If you buy a multiple amount of units you can also diversify your risk.

    (3. Hiring a property lawyer in Vietnam)

    vietnam-solicitor

    I recommend you to hire a Solicitor (lawyer)for larger transactions, and when buying landed property. The Vietnamese market opened recently to the foreign world, so there can be some roadblocks on the way.

    However, foreigners rarely hire property lawyers when buying condos on the primary market. Reputable developers (like Novaland and CapitaLand) primarily build and manage the new condo projects you seen in Ho Chi Minh City.

    You’ll find both local and foreign developers that are reputable, follow standards, and have managed dozens of projects in the past.

    Normally, your estate agent or developer will involve a property lawyer where needed throughout the process.

    4. Booking a property/condo

    When your agent has helped you to find a project and unit you like, it’s time to pay a non-refundable deposit of VND 100 million.

    The deposit is paid by credit card or bank telegraphic transfer, whereby you sign the Option to enter into Deposit Contract Agreement.

    5. Pay the first installment & enter Deposit Contract

    You need to pay the first installment within 14 days after you’ve paid the first deposit. The payment is managed by bank transfer.

    When you’ve paid the first installment, you’ll enter into the Deposit Contract and the Deposit Contract shall be non-transferable.

    6. Pay the following installments per schedule

    Pay the following installments as concluded in the contract.

    7. Sales & Purchase Agreement (SPA)

    Drafting and execution of the SPA (if eligibility for foreign ownership is confirmed) and the SPA shall be transferable.

    8. Handover of the unit

    Before you can acquire the unit, you need to pay the maintenance fee (2% of the purchase value).

    On top of the maintenance fee, you need to pay 1 year of management & operation charges, the registration fee (0.5%), and an additional installment.

    9. Preparation for granting the pink book

    When you’ve signed the SPA and managed your financial obligations, you need to submit documentation for the application to receive the pink book.

    10. Final payment

    Make a final payment within 14 days after you’ve taken notice to receive the pink book.

    Transferring money to Vietnam when buying property

    In general, you have three options when making payments:

    • Open a local bank account at banks such as Vietcombank and Vietinbank. I recommend you to give them a call or send them an email before you go to Vietnam to see what they have to offer, and to clear all questions
    • Transfer your money directly from your home country to another branch in Vietnam. There are international banks such as HSBC in Vietnam that can help you to do this
    • Transfer money (VND) directly to the seller

    At the moment, you need to declare any cash values that exceed USD 5000, when entering or exiting Vietnam.
     

    Mortgages for foreigners in Vietnam

    mortgage-vietnam

    It’s been difficult, if not impossible, for foreigners to get mortgages in Vietnam.

    Even if it’s still being restricted, you’re able to get property loans more easily from banks like OCB, HSBC and Standard Chartered.

    At OBC, you’ll be able to get the following benefits as a foreigner (if you’re married to a Vietnamese spouse):

    • A loan covering up to 80% of the property value
    • A loan period of 15 years (so-called loan tenor)

    To get a loan, you need to provide some collaterals such as proof of savings or other properties you currently own.

    Shortly explained, collaterals are used to make sure that you can repay the mortgage in case you default.

    Contact some local banks and see what they have to offer. The interest rate, amortization requirements and payback period are of importance to assure that you get the best loan.

    Vietnam property taxes

    Vietnam offers competitive real estate taxes. Below I’ve included the taxes you need to pay when buying property on the primary market.

    VAT

    The VAT is 10% when buying condominiums on the primary market.

    Maintenance fee/sinking fund

    A maintenance fee of 2% will also be paid by the buyer.

    Registration fee

    The registration fee is 0.5% and paid by the buyer.

    Rental income tax

    If you buy-to-let, you need to pay a VAT of 5% and a personal income tax of 5%. Thus, a total rate of 10% applies to your rental income.

    Capital gains tax

    Even if capital gains tax doesn’t exist in theory, you need to pay a personal income tax of 2% when selling property.

    Land tax

    Foreigners can normally not buy land, but the tax is 0.03 – 0.15%, just for reference. Consult with your agent or lawyer if needed, to confirm how to deal with the tax payments.

    The best places to buy property in Vietnam

    It’s not always easy to choose the right location when investing in a foreign country.

    Below I’ve listed some of the most interesting and popular cities where I recommend you to look for property.

    Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)

    ho-chi-minh-city-real-estate

    Ho Chi Minh City is one of the fastest-growing cities in Asia and attracts more and more investors. One reason is that manufacturing in China is getting more expensive.

    Another reason is that people from Hong Kong and Mainland China look for overseas investments as the prices have increased immensely there in the past years.

    You can be sure to find properties with prices that are 20-30% compared to prices in cities like Shanghai, Singapore, Hong Kong, and Shenzhen.

    And not only property prices increase fast, but the rental yields are also good, especially in comparison with other Southeast Asian countries.

    Personally, I like Ho Chi Minh City a lot due to its business atmosphere, the opportunities it has to offer, the short distance to other business hubs like Kuala Lumpur, Phnom Penh, Hong Kong and Singapore.

    Old colonial style buildings mixed with local culture and new skyscrapers makes this place one of the most interesting place to invest in the coming years.

    Da Nang

    da-nang

    Da Nang is a coastal city located in the middle parts of Vietnam, with direct flights from the major business hubs in Asia.

    Even if the city is receiving more and more investments, especially from countries like Korea, Japan, and China, it’s more famous for its holiday resorts and beautiful nature.

    Property prices are on the higher scale and you’ll be sure to find the upper-end hotels and condominiums being built here. Still, prices are lower than in Ho Chi Minh City in comparison.

    The infrastructure is one of the best in Vietnam and it has a business-friendly environment. If you look for a place to enjoy your holidays or to invest for business purposes, you should not neglect this city.

    If you want to check interesting properties for sale in Da Nang, you can visit this article.

    Nha Trang

    nha-trang-beach

    Located between Ho Chi Minh City and Danang, Nha Trang is probably the most well-known tourist destination in Vietnam.

    A large amount of Chinese people and Russians have chosen Nha Trang as their favorite location to spend holidays.

    When I visited Nha Trang some time ago, I was surprised to see signs in both Chinese and Russian, many locals, even street vendors, are capable to communicate in Russian or Chinese, when foreigners try to haggle over prices.

    Property prices and living costs prices are generally cheaper in Nha Trang compared to places like Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, and Da Nang.

    Hanoi

    hanoi

    Hanoi is the capital in Vietnam, but still smaller than the biggest business hub, Ho Chi Minh City.

    With a comparison to China, I’d say that Hanoi is similar to Beijing, whilst Ho Chi Minh City resembles Shanghai or Shenzhen.

    As the political and cultural center, Hanoi has not attracted as many investors compared to Ho Chi Minh City. You’ll also notice that the media talk less about Hanoi, in comparison.

    Even if Hanoi draws less attention and investments compared to Ho Chi Minh City, many foreign investors (including many Koreans) still pour money into this cozy capital’s property market.

    Do I need to reside in Vietnam if I buy a property there?

    No, you don’t need to reside or stay in Vietnam over a longer time period under the new regulations.

    In other countries like Australia, you sometimes need to be actively living there to keep your property.

    Can foreigners rent out property in Vietnam?

    Under the new regulations, there are no particular restrictions for foreigners to rent out real estate in Vietnam.

    But, in case you decide to rent out your property, you should first report this to the housing authority in your district.

    Also bear in mind that you’ll need to pay a personal income tax (PIT) plus a value-added tax (VAT) of 10% of the total yearly rental income.

    Your agent can help you to find tenants and to draft the tenant agreement. In case your tenant moves out, they’ll found you a new one.  

    The tenant should pay you a deposit of 1-3 months rent (generally 2 months) that you can keep in case the tenant decides to leave the property earlier than your contracted time.

    What should I include in the rental agreement?

    Be sure to include the following items in your rental agreement:

    • Your’s and the tenant’s name and residence address
    • The rent to be paid and how the tenant will pay you
    • The rental period (usually 6-36 months)
    • When the property will be available to the tenant
    • Make an inventory list (what furniture and appliances that belong to the property)
    • What rights and responsibilities that you and the tenant have (for example, keeping down the noise level after certain times, right to use your parking space)
    • Signatures and date

    FAQ

    vietnam-real-estate

    Below I’ve included some commonly asked questions among prospective property buyers and my answers.

    How can I settle in Vietnam?

    Even if Vietnam doesn’t offer any investor visas or retirement visas, like Thailand and Malaysia, it’s easy to stay on a tourist visa long-term.

    Still, a preferred choice can be to use the unit(s) as investment vehicles to earn rental incomes. Many new projects and condotels allow you to stay in your unit, or other units in that project, for a couple of weeks every year.

    Is Vietnam a good place to retire?

    Both yes and no. Sure, Vietnam has a nice climate and offers very low living costs and a nice cuisine.

    Still, places like Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines are preferred options among retirees. Here, you can easily obtain retirement- and long-term visas.

    Can a foreigner buy a house in Vietnam?

    You can buy houses in new projects or from foreign sellers. But keep in mind that you need to lease the land for up to 50 years, as foreigners can’t own land in Vietnam.

    How high are property prices in Vietnam?

    In Ho Chi Minh City, district 1, 7, and 2 tends to be more pricey. But don’t let this scare you. Vietnam property prices are some of the lowest in Asia.

    The average price per square meter is USD 2,269 in the central areas, while property in suburban areas average at USD 1,083 per square meter.

    In projects like Metro Star (district 9) the starting price was as little as USD 1,500 per square meter before completion. Metro Star is located in the upcoming district 9 and is close to Thao Dien, directly connected with the MRT.

    If you check for property in places like Da Nang and Nha Trang, you can easily find condos starting from USD 60,000 – 80,000 per unit.

    Conclusion

    Vietnam is growing rapidly and prices are still low, with numbers that are 20-30% of property prices in bigger Chinese cities (like Beijing, Shenzhen, and Shanghai).

    The Vietnamese Government has made it remarkably easier for foreigners to buy property since 2015, but you need to be careful before your purchase. Make sure to hire a lawyer and that you will receive your ownership certificate (pink book) beforehand.

    Foreign investors pour money into places like Ho Chi Minh City, but other cities like Da Nang are on the rise. You should check the market carefully before making any investment decision.

    I hope this article has been useful to you and wish you good luck with your property purchase in Vietnam.

    Want to buy property in Vietnam?

    Fill out the form to get in touch with a real estate agent

  • 16 Responses to “Buying Property in Vietnam as a Foreigner: The Ultimate Guide

    1. Claude at 2:45 am

      Hi Markus, thanks for the insights. I got one question though. Your article does not cover on how to get the money OUT of Vietnam in case you sell the property and want to repatriate the proceeds overseas. I heard that, due to strict banking regulations, it is very difficult to transfer the funds out of Vietnam. I heard that, in order to repartriate funds, you need to set up a special investor account (DEKA account) at the moment when you buy the property. Only then, you can repatriate funds upon selling. Have you any ideas/ thoughts about this? thanks

      1. Marcus Sohlberg at 8:59 am

        Hi Claude,

        We do have a separate article that explains how it works when transferring money into/out of Vietnam: https://www.asiapropertyhq.com/transferring-money-vietnam/

        But let me reply to your question:

        – There’s no need to open a special investor account, or any local bank account for that matter, when buying property. You do need a Capital Account when buying stocks though.

        – There’s no need to have a special investor account when selling property, but you do need to open a local bank account (preferably using an international bank, e.g. Standard Chartered).

        *Keep in mind that you need to keep all the supporting documents about the purchase and sale to repatriate the funds (e.g Deposit agreement, Purchase agreement, payment statements from the bank you used to transfer the money into Vietnam to buy the unit, and the Sales agreement).

        For more info, I recommend you to read our separate article that goes into more details.

    2. Ariel at 1:40 pm

      Hi Markus,
      Thank you for the information sharing.
      Would like to check with you whether foreigners can buy an apartment from Vietnamese before they collecting pink book(SPA)? Understand there are 30% limit for foreigner in one unit but there are few flats on the market the owner is local but sell to foreigners. Not sure whether it’s illegal or what should we notice more?
      Thank you for the help.

      1. Marcus Sohlberg at 10:20 am

        Hi Ariel,

        The SPA and the pink book are two different things, as explained above.

        You can buy from local Vietnamese, even if the pink book for that project is still not issued. It’s legal. You just need to make sure that the developer will sign a new SPA with you (be sure to contact the developer first)..

        Keep in mind that to receive the pink book later, you need to have an SPA,

        Also, it would be most safe to do this with international developers, like Capitaland, Mapletree, Keppel Land, etc.

        There’s a risk when doing this with local developers as they might not provide pink book later. This has happened before.

    3. fahad amri at 9:28 am

      I need 2 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms full furniture apartment in HCMC and I’ll pay 30% of the total amount and the remaining amount will be as monthly installments for 4 or 5 years.

      1. Marcus Sohlberg at 11:22 am

        Hi Fahad,

        Please send this request through the form above – “Fill out the form to get in touch with a real estate agent”.

      2. Vũ Xuân Thiều at 4:01 pm

        Hello. I’m Thieu I’m from Vietnam I can help you. Please contact me email “thieuvu.bds@gmail.com”. Thankyou!

    4. Natalie at 8:24 am

      Hi Marcus,

      Your article is very informative, however, I’ve noticed that some of the percentage figures for the property taxes are inconsistent from the the video and the article. Kindly refer to the breakdown below and for the highlighted inconsistencies. Would appreciate if you could clarify which ones are correct. Thanks!

      From Article:
      1. VAT = 10% when buying condominiums on the primary market
      2. Maintenance fee/sinking fund = 2%
      3. Registration fee = 0.5%
      4. Rental income tax = 10% total (5% VAT + 5% personal income tax)
      5. Capital gains tax = 2% when selling property.
      6. Land tax = 0.03 – 0.15%

      From Video:
      1. Stamp duty = 0.5%
      2. Rental income tax = 20% (inconsistent with article)
      3. Capital gains tax = 0.15% (inconsistent with article)
      4. Land Tax = 0.03 – 0.15%
      5. Transfer Tax = 5%
      6. Registration fee = 0.05% (inconsistent with article)

      1. Marcus Sohlberg at 10:46 am

        Hi Natalie,

        Thanks for the feedback. The video was made some time ago, we will either remove it or update it within the near future. The information in the article is up to date. Keep in mind that the taxes listed in the article apply to condos.

    5. gavin at 4:24 am

      Question: You write that If you have a Vietnamese spouse, you can get a freehold tenure

      Is this for sure?

      I am married and I purchased an apartment already – I didn’t have a marriage certificate here at the time but now I do. For now the property is in my wife name – I had to transfer funds so that we could but) I didn’t want to take the leasehold option – NOW that the marriage certificate is listed here do you think I can somehow transfer the ownership to my name – or at least joint..?

      1. Marcus Sohlberg at 8:11 am

        Hi Gavin, if your marriage would have been registered in Vietnam before the Pink book was issued, you would automatically co-own the property with your wife (i.e. joint-ownership).
        In your particular case, you need to visit the lawyer to change the ownership into joint-ownership. I don’t think you can have the ownership completely in your own name, but it needs to be together with your wife.

    6. Marc at 4:33 am

      My wife is Vietnamese and Sales contract is under her name but pink book has her name and mine. We purchase this property when we were already legally married in Singapore and recognised in Vietnam.

      1. Can we still sell the property to a foreigner as well as a local Vietnamese.

      2. Property is from a local developer and freehold.

      1. Marcus Sohlberg at 7:26 am

        You better talk with a lawyer as I haven’t heard about this kind of situation before. My understanding is that you can only sell to a local. I believe that foreigners can only sell to other foreigners if there’s only a foreign name in the pink book. Again, this is just my assumption.

    7. toan at 9:25 am

      hi guys, I’m toan, from Viet Nam. I work for a real estate agency. I can help u find a new apartment from 100.000 to 200.000 us dollars easily in ho chi Minh city. U will pay that money for 2 years to get your home, that s mean about 4.000 to 8000 us dollars per month. ngohongtoan1992@gmail.com

    8. Buying Real Estate in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon): The Ultimate Guide at 4:58 am

      […] it comes to locations, the by far most popular city where foreigners buy real estate is Ho Chi Minh City (sometimes just referred to as Ho Chi Minh or […]

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